What is Psychosis?

Psychosis
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What is Psychosis?

Psychosis is a severe mental disorder in which a person perceives their surroundings differently. People experiencing psychosis lose contact with reality and may behave strangely, they may hear voices, or see things that don’t exist.

It affects males and females equally. It often begins when a person is in their late teens to mid-twenties. 12% to 23% of people experience psychotic symptoms at some point in their lives. But less than 4% meet the criteria for the psychotic disorder.

What causes psychosis?

Psychosis can have various causes such as misuse of alcohol, drug abuse (cocaine, cannabis, MDMA, LSD, crystal meth).

Psychological causes such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, depression, anxiety, stress, postpartum can also trigger psychotic symptoms.

Some types of dementia also cause psychosis such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s.

HIV, AIDS, brain tumour, syphilis, malaria, lupus, stroke, epilepsy, multiple seizures and few other medical conditions increase the chances of having psychosis.

Psychosis
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Signs and symptoms

  • Hallucination
  • Delusion
  • Depressed mood
  • Anxiety
  • Unresponsiveness
  • Lack of sleep or sleeping too much
  • Suicidal, confused and disturbed thoughts
  • Disordered speech
  • Difficulty in concentration
  • Lack of judgement and unawareness

Treatment

Psychosis is a short-term acute condition which is treatable and often leads to full recovery. A team of mental health professionals work on it together.
Treatment for psychosis differs depending on its cause and your mental condition.
It is important to find a mental health professional who is trained in psychosis treatment and who makes the client feels comfortable.

Antipsycopetihc medicines are recommended as the first treatment of psychosis. However, they are not suitable or effective for everyone.
They usually reduce the feeling of anxiety within few hours. But it takes several days or weeks to reduce psychotic symptoms such as hallucinations or delusions.
These medicines come with some side effects such as blurred vision, drowsiness, restlessness, dry mouth etc.

Cognitive behaviour helps people aware about their negative way of thinking, and behaviour. It helps people develop an alternative way of thinking and behaving which aims to reduce their psychological distress.

Psychosis
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Conclusion

Psychosis is nothing to be afraid of and it should not be confused with being a psychopath. There are many ways to overcome or treat psychosis but with that, support of their family friends and their loved ones is also very crucial. It will help them as well as the patient to cope with the condition. Self-help groups can also be a good choice as being around people who have similar experiences help.

Be gentle be honest take extra care of what you speak. Don’t talk about disorder in a way which hints that disorder is something to be ashamed of. Because it’s not.

Ashi Bajpai

Content writer

19, Gallivanter, Belives in equity and not equality. Love humans, Food, Allegories and Dogs. Currently pursuing BBA from BSSS. Believe in yourself and BE YOU. The world will adjust.

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