What is Personality Disorder?
Personality Disorder is a mental disorder. It causes a rigid and unhealthy pattern of thinking. In many cases, people may not realize that they have a personality disorder because of their way of thinking and behaving seems natural to them. It typically occurs in adolescence and continues till adulthood. A personality disorder is permanent but one can learn to manage it.
Types of personality disorder:
Cluster A personality disorder
People suffering from cluster A are odd, unconventional and slightly strange.
They are generally distrustful and suspicious of others.
Because of which they avoid social interactions and are usually isolated and disliked. They are afraid of people talking behind their back or cheating them in any sense. They find physical contact-less pleasurable and maintain their distance.
Disorders that come under Cluster A are:
- Paranoid personality disorder: They suffer from paranoia, always on guard, unrelenting mistrust and suspicion of others without any reason.
- Schizoid personality disorder: People with this condition don’t desire or enjoy close relationships, even with family, friends, and are often seen as loners. They are also emotionally cold and detached.
- Schizotypical personality disorder: People suffering from STPD usually have severe social anxiety, paranoia, and unconventional beliefs. They feel extreme discomfort in maintaining a close relationship with people because they think their peer harbor negative thoughts towards them.
Cluster B personality disorder
People suffering from the cluster B can be harmful if someone interferes with their personal life, work, or social settings. They are characterized as wild, over emotional, dramatic, and unpredictable. They display suicidal behavior, frequent an intense display of anger and threats of self-injury. Sometimes they can also be very charming and manipulative for their personal gains.
Disorders that come under cluster B are:
- Naristic personality disorder: This causes an excessive need for administration disregard for others’ feelings, an inability to handle any criticism and a sense of entitlement. It occurs more commonly in men.
- Histrionic personality disorder: HPD is characterized by a long-standing pattern of attention seeking behavior and extreme emotionality. Someone with HPD wants to be the center of attention in any group of people, and feel uncomfortable when they are not.
- Anti-social personality disorder: Those with antisocial personality disorder tend to lie, break laws, act impulsively and lack regard for their own safety or the safety of others. Symptoms may lessen with age.
- Borderline personality disorder: BPD is a serious mental disorder marked by a pattern of ongoing instability in moods, behavior, self-image, and functioning. A person with BPD may experience intense episodes of anger, depression, and anxiety that may last from only a few hours to days.
Cluster C personality disorder
People suffering from cluster C disorder are shy and timid. They are also hypersensitive to rejection, negative feedback, socially inhibited and usually have low self-esteem. They are worried most of the time because of fear of separation from someone they love. Also, they are very clingy and cannot make decisions most of the time without advice or reassurance from others.
Disorders that come under cluster C are:
- Avoidant personality disorder: People with this condition may be extremely shy, fear ridicule and be overly concerned with looking foolish. They also avoid intimate and social contact with others.
- Dependent personality disorder: It is characterized by a pervasive fear that leads to “clinging behavior” and usually manifests itself by early adulthood.
- Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder: OCPD causes a general pattern of concern with orderliness, perfectionism, excessive attention to details, mental and interpersonal control, and a need for control over one’s environment.
What causes Personality Disorder?
The Personality Disorder is thought to be a combination of genetic and environmental consequences. A character or nature of a person could trigger the symptoms of personality disorder along with genetic vulnerability to develop such condition.
Environmental factors play its part when a person lives in an unstable or chaotic family. Moreover, lack of support or bad experiences during school life, peer pressure, traumatic experiences, verbal physical or sexual abuse could also trigger these symptoms.
Diagnosis and Treatment
The treatment that’s best for you depends on the type of personality disorder you are suffering from, its severity and your life situation. Often a team approach is needed to make sure of your psychiatric, medical and social needs are met.
Psychotherapy can be helpful for a person having a personality disorder. There they can learn about their condition and talk about their mood, feelings, thought, and behavior. What is more, they also learn to cope with stress and manage their disorder. They may also receive social skill training and individual sessions that include family or friends.
Medications such as antidepressants, mood stabilizers, antipsychotic medication can also be helpful.
In some cases, a personality disorder is so severe that a person suffering need to be admitted to a hospital for a psychiatric care. This is recommended when you are in immediate danger of harming yourself or someone else.
There are ups and downs for everyone – mentally healthy or not. The struggle may get easier, but it will always be there.
Not to mention, without any support system it just gets harder.
Moreover, a person starts feeling hopeless or helpless. So never leave someone with any mental disorder alone. They need your help. They might push you away but that’s the time when they need you to stick by them the most. Be their support system and encourage them to have healthy habits in their life. Every close friend has a fair-enough positive influence on a person.
There are different kinds of people and each person has a different personality. It’s up to us how we perceive them and how we treat them. It never hurts to be a little considerate towards our fellow human beings.