What is Zika virus?
Zika virus is a mosquito-borne infection. It is mostly spread by daytime active Aedes species mosquito, the same kind of mosquito that carries dengue fever, yellow fever, chikungunya virus.
It was isolated from monkeys in in 1947 in the zika rainforest in Uganda and since then it never really actually bothered humans at all.Until 2007 when the first case of zika was reported on the Island of Yap.
Until 2007 when the first case of zika was reported on the Island of Yap.
2013-14 in French Polynesia, Easter Island, Cook island, New Caledonia.
2015 in Brazil and other parts of south and north America.
It is also affecting several islands in pacific and south-east Asia.
The infection caused by zika virus cause little or sometimes no symptoms similar to a very mild form of dengue fever. As many as four out of five people infected with zika virus have no signs or symptoms. For this reason, many people might not realise they are infected.
But when symptoms occur, they occur usually two to seven days after being bitten by an infected mosquito. The most common symptoms are
- Painful or Red eyes
- Joint Pain
- Muscle pain
Through mosquito bite: Zika virus is transmitted primarily through infected Aedes species mosquito. Mosquitos that spread this virus are aggressive daytime biters but they can also bite at night. Other normal mosquitos also become infected when they feed on a person already infected with the virus.
From mother to child: Zika virus can spread from mother to child during pregnancy or around the time of birth. It is the cause of microcephaly and many other fetal brain defects. Although there are no reports of infants getting zika virus through breastfeeding. Because of the benefits of breastfeeding mothers are encouraged to breastfeed even when the virus is found.
Through sex: Zika can be passed through sex from a person who has zika to his or her sex partners. The virus may also be passed by a person who carries the virus but never developed symptoms.
These are the three main causes of transmission of zika virus.
Prevent mosquito bites: Zika is spread mainly through the bite of an infected mosquito so take steps to control mosquitos inside and outside your home. Use mosquito repellents and sleep under mosquito bed net. Once in a week, turnover, scrub or throw out items that hold water such as buckets, planters, toys, pool.
Plan for a trip: If you are planning to go on a trip then consider going to a place where there are low chances of getting infected.
During Pregnancy: When pregnant, do not travel to an area that’s prone to zika. And if you must travel, talk to your doctor or healthcare provider first. If there is zika epidemic in your area then avoid getting pregnant or use proper precautions till your surroundings become safe. Because then there are chances of you getting infected by the virus and passing it to the child who can suffer from birth defects such as microcephaly.
Protect yourself during sex: Protect yourself, use condoms every time you have sex. Not sharing sex toys can also reduce the risk of getting infected.
Drink a lot of water
Take bed rest
Wear skin protection clothes
Use mosquito net
There is no specific vaccine or medicine for zika virus. So it’s best to treat the symptoms. You should definitely pay a visit to a hospital and consult a doctor.
We all know prevention is better than cure. It is a safe way to remain away from the problem. So be safe take care of yourself and take all the necessary precautions that you need to prevent yourself from zika virus and other diseases.