Biology says every living organism is a form of well designed and structured cells. In the context of a human body, every part that healthily exists is because of healthy cells and proper mechanism that cells follow. Sometimes our body gets unhealthy cells that may cause cancer and when cancer occurs in the bone, we call it bone cancer.
Every cell in our body is very well coded. And they follow a well-directed path to come into existence, to grow and to spread. However, sometimes due to some reasons cells do not follow their natural process of development. And eventually, it results as ‘cancer.’
What is Bone Cancer?
If we want to understand what is bone cancer then first we need to understand what a bone and its structure is.
You may have a misconception of bones being a solid and strong part of a body that does not go through much physical change. However, to rule out your misconception, I must tell you that some bones are hollow. Moreover, bones are very active. They go through several processes internally. Throughout our body, new bones get developed while old bones get dissolved.
Bones have several parts and each part plays a different role. For example, bone marrow that contains blood-forming cells (white blood cells, red blood cells, blood platelets). These parts work as a whole and make a bone what it actually looks like. And make all the functioning in the proper manner.
Bones mainly have two types of cells – osteoblast (develop new bones) and osteoclast (rule out old bones). When any of the bone cells get distracted from their natural path of originating, developing, and spreading then it results in a tumor which later takes the form of cancer.
However, it must be noted that not all tumors are cancerous. Non-cancerous tumors are called benign and cancerous tumors are called malignant. And non-cancerous are more common than cancerous tumors. But, it must also be noted that non-cancerous tumors may eventually become cancerous. So be careful and pay a visit to the doctor to be sure that there’s nothing to worry about.
Basically, bone cancers are of two types – primary bone cancers and secondary bone cancers.
- Primary bone cancers: cancerous tumors which directly develops in the bone or nearby tissues fall under this category.
Before knowing the second category we must know what metastasize is. When a disease (cancer in this case) spreads to other parts of the body then this process is called metastasize.
- Secondary bone cancers: When cancer initially originates in some other part of the body but get spread to the bone tissues through metastasize then such cancers of bone fall under the secondary category.
Signs and Symptoms:
- Bone pain which gets worse by time.
- Weight loss.
- Unexplained bone fracture.
- It affects less than 200000 people per year.
- The average survival 5 years survival rate is approximately 70% for all types of bone cancers.
- Primary bone cancers are more life threating than secondary bone cancers.
- Bone cancer is not a common cancer type. In the UK only 250 young people get diagnosed with it each year.
- According to an estimated 3,260 people of all ages of US got diagnosed with it in 2016.
Till yet, we cannot prevent getting cancer but what we can do is stay aware and pay regular visits to the doctor in case you feel any lumps forming in any part of your body. Prevention sure is better than cure but early intervention works wonders as well.