What are Learning Disabilities?

Learning Disabilities
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What is learning disability? Well, let me start it with a short story.

Once, there was a boy who used to get punishments quite often by his teacher for being a slow learner. Moreover, people took him as an impossible person to deal with. It was hard for him to learn certain life skills. It was like a nightmare for him to learn something new, to communicate, and to do life tasks. He always found himself alone fighting for his rights. What was the reason behind his pursuit of sadness? Like 2.4 million other American public school students, he too had a Learning Disability (LD).

Learning Disabilities:

Some abnormalities in the Central Nervous System give rise to some specific disorders like dyslexia, dyscalculia, auditory processing disorder, visual processing disorder. Group of all such disorders is commonly called learning disability. These disorders significantly make it difficult for a person to listen, speak, read, write, reasoning, and communicate. It may cause poor coordination and difficulty in memorising everyday things. People often correlate it with poor academics. However, LD affects not only academics but social and personal skills as well.

According to a survey, approximately 51% people think learning disabilities are the result of laziness. In the same survey, 43% people correlated it with low IQ which was wrong.

Rather contrary to common beliefs, people with learning disabilities have an average or above average IQ. They try their best to learn quickly but some specific brain areas put a barrier in their way of learning. However, with proper medical help, they can master any task.

“Learning disabilities are not a prescription for failure. With the right set of instructions, guidance and support, there are no limits to what individuals with LD can achieve.”

– Sheldon H. Horowitz

Furthermore, a person must have average or above average IQ to be diagnosed with LD. Moreover, LD is not caused by any other disabilities or factors such as motor disabilities, intellectual disabilities, or emotional disturbances. However, they may occur concomitantly with a learning disability. For example, as a survey in 2012 estimated, as many as one-third of those with LD also had ADHD.

What is not a learning disability?

Oftentimes, “learning disability,” “learning disorder,” and “learning difficulty” are mistaken to be synonymous. People think of them as same, however, they all are different.

Learning disability is explained above.

A learning disorder is a common term for three disorders. They are:

  1. Dyslexia
  2. Dyscalculia
  3. Dysgraphia

Whereas, learning difficulty causes a specific academic problem but they are not enough for an official diagnosis.

Facts:

According to National Center for learning disabilities (NCLD) here are some facts about LD:

  1. 64% say that their child’s school doesn’t provide information on learning disabilities.
  2. Most people (84 percent) see learning disabilities as a growing issue in the U.S.
  3. Almost four in 10 mistakenly associate learning disabilities with sensory impairments like blindness and deafness.
  4. Two-thirds of students identified with LD are male.
Learning Disabilities
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In conclusion, it’s essential for us to realise that poor performances of children are not necessarily laziness or lack of attention. Most of all, before jumping to any conclusions, it is essential to get a proper assessment from the correct doctor. It all starts with how much attention are parents giving to their children and how aware they are of their behaviour. Therefore, if you are a parent, please be attentive towards the growth of your child because their growing years are very crucial for the development of their physical as well as mental health.

Devanshu Shrivastava

Born In July Of 1998. I am an Ex-student of MP Birla Institute of Fundamental Research. Studied Astrophysics & Astronomy. With The Love For Science And Hobby of Writing, I Am Trying To Create Awareness Of Every Possible Health Issue.

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