What is Aphasia?

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Everyone is aware of the fact that we belong to a very social race.  Even the most anti-social individual will have to communicate socially in order to survive. We are not animals that can survive isolation. In fact, isolation can actually affect our mental health.

Think about it – what if we are not able to communicate? What if it becomes hard for us to communicate or understand other people?

This brings us to the topic of Aphasia. This is a condition which appears where there exists some form of impairment in the part of the brain that is responsible for language.


This is a disability that people are not born with but rather incur due to various medical problems. Experiencing a stroke, some form of trauma or brain injury, brain tumor etc. These are the known causes for Aphasia.

This does not mean that every person who experiences a stroke (for example) would have Aphasia, but rather it is a possibility. To better explain the cause – anything that impairs the part of the brain responsible for language is the cause of Aphasia.

Severity of Aphasia

The severity of this disability can ultimately make it extremely difficult to communicate with the person. Either they are unable to express themselves coherently or they are unable to properly understand the instructions being given.

The impairment is not limited to just one aspect (for example- speech) but rather multiple forms of communication. From the channels that remain unimpaired, sufficient amount of information might not be exchanged.

However, it does not affect the individual’s intelligence. But it does affect reception of language which also includes visual forms like sign language.


Therefore, treatment for the same depends on the severity of the impairment. First, all the impaired aspects and dimensions of communications are covered. Afterward, work towards the enhancement of these impaired areas will begin.


Can we imagine trying to survive in a world where no matter what we try to say people around us cannot understand us? Imagine that point in life where nothing makes sense. Though we won’t be able to truly understand how it feels because it’s quite a scary thought to experience.

The world functions through communication. For everything we do, we communicate in verbal and non-verbal cues. It’s hard to imagine a life where communication becomes difficult especially if that’s how we survive.

Nikitha Menon

With the pursuit of knowledge and love for the written word, Nikhita Menon tries to explore the world of disabilities, disorders, diseases and all stigma associated. She is a fresh college graduate from Christ University, Banglore majored in English, Psychology and Media Communication.

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